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Branch Information



Chogo Settlement was inhabited by Somali Bantu refugees (most of them of Zigua origin) who were relocated from Mkuyu Camp. The ancestors of these ethnic Bantu were taken to Somalia as slave from present day Tanzania centuries ago. Based upon historical link, the government recognized these refugees on group basis in 1990s and, in 2003 offered them the option to become Tanzanian citizens and to locally integrate. Consequently they were transferred to Chogo. The settlement is twelve kilometres from the Tanga Dar es salaam road.


Chogo is a small village existing on the Eastern side of Handeni District. The settlement covers an area of 2,060 hectares.  Out of that area 690 are for residential purposes, 600 are crop production (140 ha for cash crops and 460 ha for food crops), 270 are reserved forest land, 460 ha for conservation purposes and 40 ha for future development. The natural vegetation is of woodland savannah with a mixture acacia spps, Combretum spps,  ficus spps (notably Mkuyu) and Pterocarpus angolensis species (mninga). There are two rain seasons with long rains starting from February to May and short season rains starting from mid October to December.  The soils are fertile but are susceptible to erosion due to the sloppy nature of the terrain. There is no surface water.

The main economic activity in the village was subsistence farming for growing seasonal crops such as maize and beans.  There was a potential for growing more diverse variety of food and cash crops because of the availability of fertile agricultural land.

For Most part REDESO has been the main partner in delivering protection services to this population while UNHCR and MHA have been providing support to integration and naturalization process. Below is a brief report of what has been done to ensure successful integration of this group.



600 acres for crop production were made available to the inhabitants of Chogo settlement for (140 ha for cash crops and 460 ha for food crops). Additionally, through REDESO UNHCR has been providing support in terms of seeds, mostly maize and beans to refugees in the initial stages so that they could later become independent on seeds requirement. This has been achieved. In addition they were given a tractor and a grain storage facility.


Apart from the 12 kilometres road from Chogo to Dar es Salaam, Tanga main road, the settlement was well interconnected with a road networks. Although the roads were initially constructed in 2003, they had undergone some rehabilitation. Internal road network was rehabilitated about two years ago.


Apart from road networks Chogo settlement has 21 staff houses, administration block, community centre, two electricity generators, police station, market, and electricity distribution lines.


Chogo settlement had no surface water this called for investment in water infrastructures for the settlement sustainability. Water supply system in the camps was composed of 9 shallow wells with hand pumps, One Borehole and The Handeni Trunk Main (HTM).

The Handeni Trunk Main (HTM) got its water from Pangani River Mswaha Village.  The system serves more than 60 villages in Handeni district including Handeni town.  For the water from the trunk main to reach Chogo Village, a pipe line of 90 mm diameter and 10.5 km in length has been laid from the Segera-Chalinze highway at Kwedikwazu village.  Availability of water depends mainly on the functioning of the two booster pumping stations at Kwamatuku and Sindeni.  The water is stored in two water tanks one with the capacity of 135m3 and another with 23m3. Water is distributed in the settlement by a network of water pipes and the settlement community have been paying water bills on their own under the supervision of Village Water Committee.


A fully furnished and equipped dispensary was constructed in Chogo settlement. During the phase out exercise the dispensary was handed over to the government. It has to be noted that an ambulance that was managed by REDESO was handed over to the government to continue serving the settlement and the surrounding community.

 Apart from that an incinerator was constructed for handling solid waste and maintenance of cleanliness.


Education facilities and staff were in place to serve the community i.e. in the settlement and the surrounding villages. Education facilities from kindergarten to secondary school level were in place. For instance there were one kindergarten schools, two primary schools (Kwa Mdami and Chogo Primary schools) and one secondary school.

The primary schools have water harvesting tanks which supply clean water for drinking, cleanliness and sanitation.


During implementation of care and maintenance program, settlement community’s capacity was built in various areas. Capacity building was done in areas on related water sanitation and hygiene, craft and income generating activities, community organization and administration (where democracy was emphasized), and fostering community cohesion with the neighboring communities.


Various communities were established such was Watsan committee, environmental committee and community services community to mention just a few which run their respective responsibilities in the settlement.

Furthermore, REDESO had successfully empowered the community to combat Sexual and Gender based violence (and Female Genital Mutilation which was widely practiced), HIV/ and AIDS and other undesirable behavior among the community.

Specifically, REDESO implemented HIV/AIDS project in order to address the HIV/AIDS pandemic amongst refugee and host communities by addressing the problem at its root causes in order to increase the level of community awareness and understanding on HIV/AIDS transmission mechanisms and its prevention in order to reduce the number of orphanage children.  The project was implemented and supervised under the holding organization Relief to Development Society (REDESO) Chogo refugee settlement.

The project was implemented in order to address the following down mentioned objectives:

•             Training of community Health providers on HIV/AIDS transmission

•             Control of STD’s amongst the project beneficiaries

•             Management of Opportunistic Infections

•             Build capacity of peer educators on HIV/AIDS transmission

•             Creation of awareness at wider level on HIV/AIDS pandemic.



Since 2005 some 1,488 naturalisation certificates have been issued.  Chogo settlement has a population of more than 3,000 Newly Naturalized Tanzanians and Somali refugees.


Chogo settlement was closed in 2012.

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